When you start using DSMP, you will find that you change the config file dsmp.conf quite often.
All you need to notify DSMP of a change of the config file is to save it. DSMP will notice that the file has changed before the next download and load the changes.
If there is an error in the config, DSMP will write the problem to the log and keep the old config. This way, the proxy stays operational even in case of an mistake.
DSMP itself can be configured to use a proxy to access the internet.
<!-- Which proxy to use if we don't have a file --> <proxy host="proxy" port="80" user="" password="" no-proxy="domain,domain.com,localhost"/>
If you don't know what to fill into these fields, have a look into the settings of your browser or ask your admin.
DSMP keeps a cache of all files it has ever downloaded and of all failed downloads. Therefore, it will never try to download a file a second time. There is no timeout, so what's in your cache is what Maven will see.
There is just one exception: patches. Sometimes, the official releases have bugs or you they lag behind. For example, the official PMD plugin uses version 3.7 of the PMD project but you need features of PMD 3.8. Since 3.7 and 3.8 are API compatible, it's a simple matter of putting the PMD 3.8 JAR somewhere (see below) and patching the pom.xml of the PMD plugin (just replace the version of the PMD dependency with 3.8).
Therefore, you can configure DSMP to look into a certain directory for patches. If it finds something there, the patch will always take precedence over any cached file.
The config looks like this:
<!-- Directories where things can be found. Relative paths are relative to the base directory (first parameter on the command line when starting DSMP) --> <directories cache="cache-dir" patches="patches-dir" />
Maven requires checksums for all files it downloads. DSMP generates checksums for all patches which you provide, so you don't have to do this manually.
Have you ever seen this:
[WARNING] *** CHECKSUM FAILED - Checksum failed on download: local = 'b9548ee5b46458a4f104f03940da110173215943'; remote = '6abad5d356be425545e62d38b639f0b5303316e4' - RETRYING [WARNING] *** CHECKSUM FAILED - Checksum failed on download: local = 'b9548ee5b46458a4f104f03940da110173215943'; remote = '6abad5d356be425545e62d38b639f0b5303316e4' - IGNORING
In this case, Maven has downloaded some file but it doesn't match the checksum. But which one?
With DSMP, all you have to do is to search your cache for the second number. In this case, it's an SHA-1 checksum (these are the long ones; the short ones are MD5), so you only have to search the "*.sha1" files.
In my case, it's this file: /tmp/dsmp/cache/maven.sateh.com/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-project-info-reports-plugin/maven-metadata.xml
Without DSMP, there is nothing you can do. With DSMP, all you have to do is to move (or copy) the file maven-metadata.xml from /tmp/dsmp/cache/maven.sateh.com/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-project-info-reports-plugin/ to /tmp/dsmp/patches/maven.sateh.com/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-project-info-reports-plugin/
Now run the last command again with "-U" (so Maven checks the repository again). The warning will be gone. And not only for you but for all developers who use the same DSMP.
If you have more than one DSMP installation, you can share the patches every now and then because inside the patches directory, the structure is always the same. Also, you can easily clean your cache without loosing your patches.
When maven downloads something, the URL is made up from a repository root and a path part. For example, when I download commons-parent-1.pom from repo1.maven.org, the full URL looks like this:
In this example, http://repo1.maven.org/maven2/ is the repository root and org/apache/commons/commons-parent/1/commons-parent-1.pom is the path part. The idea is that the path part is the same for every repository.
In the cache, you will find a directory per repository server. In our example, the full path for the central maven repository is cache/repo1.maven.org/maven2.
If you're using a maven mirror, for example http://maven.sateh.com/repository, the cache path would be cache/maven.sateh.com/repository.
Inside of this directory, you'll find the standard Maven repository layout.
The same is true for the patches directory; there is just no repository root here.
The cache contains a copy of every file ever downloaded and status files.
A status file contains the reply from the Maven repository when it didn't return a file. This is usually a 404 error (file doesn't exist). This way, you can have lots of Maven repositories in your setup and Maven will still be very fast looking for artefacts because DSMP will quickly return an error for most sites without trying to get out on the net.
You can safely delete these files (as anything else in the cache), even while DSMP runs. DSMP doesn't have an idea what should be in the cache; every time Maven requests a file, DSMP will look again.
By default, Maven tries to download artefacts from the central Maven repository repo1.maven.org. But every project can define their own repository. Sometimes, you have two projects which define two repositories with the same IDs but different URLs. This makes it impossible to specify mirrors in the settings.xml file of Maven.
The solution is to specify DSMP as a proxy in settings.xml (see Maven proxies). This way, all requests have to pass through DSMP and DSMP can redirect them based on a part of the URL. Example: You're in Europe and you want Maven to download artefacts from your closest mirror, say, Sateh.com.
<!-- Redirect all requests to central to the closest mirror --> <redirect from="http://repo1.maven.org/maven2" to="http://maven.sateh.com/maven2" />
You run Maven and you'll see that your cache will now contain maven.sateh.com instead of repo1.maven.org (or in addition to it if you didn't delete the old directory).
After a few days, you notice that you have another directory in your cache: www.ibiblio.org. Where does that come from? It seems that some other project defines this as their preferred download site. No problem, just add this line to dsmp.conf:
<redirect from="http://www.ibiblio.org/maven" to="http://maven.sateh.com/maven2" />
Now, you can delete the www.ibiblio.org directory.
Looking inside of maven.sateh.com, you see that there are two directories in there: repository and maven2. When you check the server, you notice that these two are identical but for Maven, they are different. This means that some files are downloaded twice. Can't have that. Add:
<redirect from="http://maven.sateh.com/repository" to="http://maven.sateh.com/maven2" />
Again, you can delete the directory maven.sateh.com/repository.
Some projects look for their artefacts in a completely wrong place. For example, the Project spring-javaconfig looks for org.aopalliance which doesn't exist. Here's the fix:
<redirect from="http://m2.safehaus.org/org/aopalliance" to="http://maven.sateh.com/maven2/aopalliance" /> <redirect from="http://m2.safehaus.org" to="http://maven.sateh.com/maven2" />
Here, we fix both the broken path (org/aopalliance instead of aopalliance and redirect all requests for m2.safehaus.org to sateh.com. This needs to be split into two rules because DSMP stops at the first matching rule.
In this way, you can add any number of redirects to fix broken projects once and in a central place.
Sometimes, you just need to use snapshots. But most of the time, you just want a very specific snapshot, not *all* of them. With deny/allow, you can control what Maven can see and what it can't.
For example, we need the snapshot of the maven-deploy-plugin but we certainly don't want the snapshot of the compiler or the site plugin or whatever strange stuff might be in these sites.
The first step is to add the snapshot sites to your settings as usual.
Now, we blind Maven with the help of DSMP:
<allow url="http://people.apache.org/maven-snapshot-repository/org/apache/maven/plugins/maven-deploy-plugin/" /> <deny url="http://people.apache.org/maven-snapshot-repository/org/apache/maven/plugins/" />
What happens is this: When a request comes in, DSMP looks through the list of allows and denies in the order in which they are defined in the config.
If a rule matches, DSMP allows or denies the request. For Maven, it will look as if the file exists or not, no matter what actually is in the remote repository. In our case, the first rule allows Maven to see the maven-deploy-plugin (and everything below) but the deny rule right after it hides anything else in the plugins directory.
Note that the URLs end with "/". DSMP does a string compare of the URLs. So .../maven/plugins (without the trailing slash) would also match a file .../maven/plugins.xml while .../maven/plugins/ only matches the plugins directory and everything below.
Another solution would be to deny access to the site people.apache.org like so:
<deny url="http://people.apache.org/maven-snapshot-repository/" />
To give Maven access to the deploy plugin, you could now copy it into the patches directory.
The drawback of this solution is that you also have to download all the dependencies of the deploy pulgin from people.apache.org and put them into the patches directory. The solution above solves that for you. Maven can download anything from people.apache.org except for any plugins that we don't like.
If you need another plugin, just add another allow rule before the deny rule. If the plugin gets released and you don't need the snapshot anymore, just delete the allow rule.
It's just one change to fix all Maven installations which use your proxy.
Sometimes, even released versions of plugins contain bugs which you can't have. Normally, there is just one way to make sure Maven uses the right version: Put the version you want into your pom.xml.
Every pom.xml, that is. Or use parent POMs. Except there is a bug where Maven 2.0.4 will ignore version information from a parent POM and just use the most recent version it can find.
Without DSMP, this can become really ugly. You start to spread version information into all your POMs, you try to put more recent versions of the artefacts into your inhouse repository and hope that Maven always picks your version.
With DSMP, you have many more options to handle these situations. Here are some ideas:
Sometimes, one DSMP is not enough. Two teams might need different settings. Or you have someone in your team who checks the latest versions.
Using the proxy settings in dsmp.conf, you can chain DSMPs in a tree like fashion. For example, you can have one DSMP which is the official Maven Proxy for your company (so almost all artefacts can be found in there) but a developer can run their own installation, redirecting requests to the central DSMP. This allows a developer to have their own set of patches (for example, to check that a fix really works before everyone else has to suffer it).